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Eastern Box Turtle

Terrapene carolina carolina


Small turtle with a high domed and keeled carapace. The edge of the carapace flares outward. Plastron is hinged and folds shut to protect the head and limbs. Front and rear legs are stout with toes webbed only at the base. Color varies widely with each individual. Carapace is generally dark brown, olive or black with yellow or orange spots or pattern. Males typically have a red iris and concave plastron. Females have brown iris and flat plastron.



Carapace 5 - 6 inches


State Protected, Special Concern

Similar Species

Ornate box turtle


Fruit, berries, fungus, snails, slugs, and insects are favored food items. Box turtle may also consume carrion.


A woodland species found in both hilltops and ravines. Also found in thickets, fields, pastures, and marshes.


This terrestrial species may be found crossing roads in spring. Active from March through early November. Box turtles seek water sources to soak during the hot, dry season. Records of this species are known to live over 100 years.

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Eastern Box Turtle

Eastern Box Turtle

Eastern Box Turtle

Terrapene carolina carolina

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